The Global Marine Governance (GMG) programme assists United Nations specialized agencies, funds and programmes, and their member states through targeted research and capacity building to achieve conservation and sustainable use of ocean resources and biodiversity. In focusing on oceans management on a global scale, GMG undertakes integrated analyses of human uses of ocean resources, and the impacts of these activities on the structure and functioning of marine systems. The research and capacity building that GMG undertakes enables countries to achieve effective management of human activities in marine areas, with the view to reach the targets of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, as they relate to oceans and coasts. GMG fills gaps in the current activities of the United Nations system by producing policy-relevant knowledge that focuses exclusively on the 72% of the Earth, which is covered by oceans. GMG research activities follow the principles of policy-relevance, timeliness, accuracy and neutrality, thus remaining independent, while maintaining credibility with UN member states. One of the important topics of discussion at the CBD COP 10 was on the topic of marine and coastal biodiversity.