Role of Biotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries (BioAfric)
The advances in agricultural biotechnology (genetically modified crops) in developed nations have contributed substantially to the sustainable provision of food and other materials for human needs. Advances in developing nations however, are considerably less. There is urgent need for the advancement of biotechnology for agricultural production in developing nations. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) suggests that biotechnology will offer solutions to the problems of hunger and poverty among 800 million people in developing nations through food security and nutritional improvement. It also posits that adoption of biotechnology will help towards solving the climate change problem and ensuring sustainable agricultural practices in developing nations. The current research will assess the global impact of plant biotechnology in terms of scientific knowledge, benefit, and policy in developing countries. The field work projects are being carried out in African countries (like Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Swaziland and Kenya), amongst farmers, scientists and policy makers (governments). The resulting data will help provide some understanding of the level of adoption of biotechnology, scientific knowledge, policy formulation and implementation for improvements in agricultural production in developing nations.